Great Castles Logo and Château de Chinon
Richmond Castle, North Yorkshire England

Acknowledgements, Bibliography and Sources

A very special thank you to Richard Jones for allowing me to reference several of his ghost stories on the site, in addition to serving as my inspiration with his storytelling.

Also, a very special thank you to Seth Friedman, my Chief Editor, for tirelessly reviewing and correcting my numerous spelling and grammatical errors, as well as rewording of content for better comprehension.

Images and Photography

All photographs and images were taken by Ron Lyons Jr. and sole property of Great Castles unless indicated otherwise.

Cheryl Cavett - Pictures of Burg Bosselstein and Schloss Oberstein are solely owned by Cheryl Cavett who graciously granted permission for them to be displayed on the Great Castles website.

Books

1066: The Hidden History in the Bayeux Tapestry
By Andrew Bridgeford © Walker & Company 2004
ISBN: 0-8027-7742-2

1215: The Year of Magna Carta
By Danny Danziger & John Gillingham © Simon & Schuster Inc. 2003
ISBN: 0-7432-5773-1

A Brief History of British Kings & Queens
By Mike Ashley © Running Press 2008
ISBN: 0-7867-1104-8

A Chronicle History of Forts and Fortresses
By Martin Brice © Barnes & Noble 2006
ISBN: 0-7607-7911-2

A Great and Terrible King
By Marc Morris © Pegasus Books LLC 2015
ISBN: 978-1-60598-684-5

A History of the Middle Ages
By Hywel Williams © Metro Books New York 2011
ISBN: 978-1-4351-3553-6

Anatomy of the Castle
By John Gibson © Metrobooks 2001
ISBN: 1-58663-194-2

Arms & Armor of the Medieval Knight: An Illustrated History of Weaponry in the Middle Ages
By David Edge & John Miles Paddock © Saturn Books Ltd. 1996
ISBN: 0-517-10319-2

Battle Castles
By Dan Snow © HarperPress 2012
ISBN: 978-0-00-745558-4

Battles of the Medieval World 1000 - 1500
By Devries, Dougherty, Dickie, Jestice, Jorgensen © Barnes & Noble 2006
ISBN: 0-7607-7779-9

Best of Britain's Castles
By AA Publishing © AA Publishing 2010
ISBN: 10-0-7495-4046-X

Britain's Haunted Castles
By Marc Alexander & Paul Abrahams © The History Press 2012
ISBN: 978-0-7524-6454-1

Britain's Medieval Castles
By Lise E. Hull © Praeger Publishers 2006
IBSN: 0-275-98414-1

British Library - History of Britain and Ireland - Supplement to the Sieges of Pontefract Castle
By Anonymous © British Library 1887

British Library - History of Britain and Ireland - Trim: Its Ecclesiastical Ruins, its Castle, etc.
By Edward Evans © British Library 1886

British Library - Poetry and Drama - Knaresborough Castle Yard
By Anonymous © British Library 1879

British Castles
By Julia Skinner and Eliza Sackett © Bounty Books 2006
ISBN: 0-7537-1443-4

Castle (DK Eyewitness Books)
By Christopher Gravett © DK Publishing 2008
ISBN: 0-7566-3769-9

Castle - A History of the Buildings that Shaped Medieval Britain
By Marc Morris © Pan Books 2003
ISBN: 0-330-43246-X

Castle Ruins of Medieval England and Wales -Vital G (Vital Guides)
By Gunter Endres and Graham Hobster © The Crowood Press Ltd 2003
ISBN: 1-84037-419-5

Castle Walks in Yorkshire
By Peter Williamson © Palatine Books 2006
ISBN: 1-874181-32-3

Castles
By Christopher Chant © Chartwell Books Inc. 2009
ISBN: 0-7858-2419-7

Castles
By Felix Madison © Taj Books 2007
ISBN: 1-84406-094-8

Castles (Pocket Guides)
By Philip Wilkinson © DK Publishing, Inc. 1997
ISBN: 0-7894-2047-3

Castles: Great Britain, Ireland and Europe
By Guy de la Bedoyere © Barnes & Noble 2006
ISBN: 0-7607-8911-8

Castles: England + Scotland + Ireland + Wales
By Plantagenet Somerset Fry © David and Charles 2005
ISBN: 0-7153-2212-5

Castles - Their History and Evolution in Medieval Britain
By Marc Morris © Pegasus Books 2017
ISBN: 978-1-68177-359-9

Castles and Fortresses
By Robin S. Oggins © Michael Friedman Publishing Group, Inc. 1994
ISBN: 1-56799-095-9

Castles and Monuments of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate
By John Deasy © Landesamt fur Denkmalpflege Rheinland-Pfalz 1981

Castles and Palaces of Europe
By Ulrike Schober © Rebo International 2004
ISBN: 90-366-1702-2

Castles and Tower Houses of Yorkshire
By Mike Salter © Folly Publications 2001
ISBN: 1-871731-52-6

Castles From The Air
By Giampiero Gianazza © Barnes & Noble 2007
ISBN: 0-7607-8923-1

Castles From The Air - An Aerial Portrait of Britain's Finest Castles
By Johnson, Sasitorn, Warren © Book Creation Ltd 2006
ISBN: 1-932302-12-3

Castles of Britain
By Christina & Bamber Gascoigne © Thames & Hudson 1992
ISBN: 0-500-27663-3

Castles of Britain & Europe
By Dobroslav Libal © Aventinum Publishing House 1992
ISBN: 1-85605-511-6

Castles of Britain and Ireland
By Plantagenet Somerset Fry © David & Charles 1996
ISBN: 0-7153-0242-6

Castles of England, Scotland & Wales (Country Series)
By Paul Johnson © Seven Dials, Cassell and Co. 1989
ISBN: 1-84188-088-4

Castles of England Scotland and Wales: A Guide and Gazateer
By Nathaniel Harris © Chancellor Press 2003
ISBN: 0-7537-0753-5

Castles of Europe
By Molly Moynahan © Tiger Books International 1993
ISBN: 1-85501-307-X

Castles of Northumberland
By M. Scott Weightman © Pitkin Guides 1997
ISBN: 0-85372-858-5

Castles of Scotland: Past and Present
By Cristina Gambaro © White Star S.r.l. 1999
ISBN: 0-7607-2798-8

Castles of the Celtic Lands: The Historic Castles of Ireland, Scotland and Wales
By Rodney Castleden © Metro Books 2006
ISBN: 0-7607-7937-6

Castles of the Loire
By M. Ercole Pozzoli © Barnes & Noble 1996
ISBN: 0-7607-3920-X

Castles of the World
By Guadallipi & Reina © Barnes & Noble 2006
ISBN: 0-7607-7474-9

Castles of Wales
By Alan Phillips © Amberley Publishing 2014
ISBN: 978-1-4456-4374-8

Castles of Wales and the Welsh Marches (Treasures of Britain)
By David Cook © Pitkin Unichrome Ltd. 2000
ISBN: 0-85372-353-2

Castles on the Rhine
By Dr. Walther Ottendorff-Simrock © Stollfuss Verlag Bonn 1989
ISBN: 3-08-615267-2

Castles on the Rhine - From Mainz to Cologne. In full colour with descriptions (Englische Ausgabe)
By Wilhelm Avenarius © Rahmel-Verlag-GmbH
ISBN: 3-930885-37-9

Castles, Palaces and Antiquities of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate
By Magnus Backes © Landesamt fur Denkmalpflege,
Burgen, Schlosser, Altertumer Rheinland-Pfalz 2000

Castles - Royal Homes and Fortresses of Europe
By Joe Gannon © Mud Puddle Books, Inc. 2008
ISBN: 1-60311-158-4

Chateau Gaillard European Castle Studies: No. 3: Conference Report in German, French and English
By A.J. Taylor © Philimore & Co. 1969
ISBN: 0-900592-21-4

Château of the Loire Valley
By Jean-Marie Perouse De Montclos © h. f. Ullman 2011
ISBN: 978-3-8331-6234-3

Château of the Loire - The Green Guide
By David Holland © Michelin Apa Publications Ltd. 2012
ISBN: 978-1-907099-50-2

Celtic Myths and Legends (Pitkin Guides)
By John Mathews © Pitkin Guides Ltd. 2006
ISBN: 1-84165-054-4

Concise Colour Guide to Castles
By Tony Selina © Wordsworth Editions 1993
ISBN: 1-85326-801-1

Edward I (The English Monarchs Series)
By Michael Prestwich © Yale University Press 1997
ISBN: 0-300-07157-4

English Castle
By Francois Matarasso © Caxton Editions 2000
ISBN: 1-84067-230-7

English Castles: A Photographic History
By Rodney Castleden © Smith-Davies Publishing Ltd 2006
ISBN: 0-7607-7938-4

English Castles (Pitkin Guides)
By Ann Lockhart © Jarrold Publishing 2006
ISBN: 1-84165-159-1

English Heritage Book of Castles
By Tom McNeill © B. T. Batsford Ltd 1992
ISBN: 0-7134-7024-0

English Heritage Members' & Visitors' Handbook 2007/8
By English Heritage © English Heritage 2007
ISBN: 1-905624-58-1

English Heritage Visitors' Handbook 1996-97
By English Heritage © English Heritage 1996
ISBN: 1-85074-624-9

English Heritage Visitors' Handbook 1997-98
By English Heritage © English Heritage 1997
ISBN: 1-85074-655-9

Essential England
By Hopkins and Macphedran © Passport Books 1996
ISBN: 0-8442-8953-1

Essential Histories 58: The English Civil Wars 1642-1651
By Peter Gaunt © Osprey Publishing 2003
ISBN: 978-1-84176-417-7

Explore Britain's Castles
By Elizabeth Cruwys & Beau Riffenburgh © AA Publishing 1995
ISBN: 0-7495-1048-X

Exploring Britain (1996)
By Locke, Cavendish, Rogerson © Fodor's Travel Publications, Inc 1996
ISBN: 0-679-03004-2

Exploring English Castles
By Dr. Edd Morris © Skyhorse Publishing 2015
ISBN: 978-1-63220-348-9

Exploring France (2nd)
By Adam Ruck © Fodor's Travel Publications, Inc 1995
ISBN: 0-679-02902-8

Exploring Germany (2nd ed)
By Ardagh, Hunt, Ivory,Kallenbach, Locke, Speakman © Fodor's Travel Publications, Inc 1995
ISBN: 0-679-02903-6

Eyewitness Travel - Great Britain
By Michael Leapman © DK Dorling Kindersley Limited 2014
ISBN: 978-1-4654-1148-8

Eyewitness Travel - Loire Valley
By Jack Tresidder © DK Dorling Kindersley Limited 2010
ISBN: 978-0-75666-141-0

Germany
By Ivan Ivanji © Smithmark 1991
ISBN: 0-8317-3849-9

Germany: A Picture Memory
By Bill Harris © Crescent Books 1991
ISBN: 0-517-05316-0

Ghostly Tales of Northumbria
By Davydd Chong © Northern Heritage Services Limited 2007
ISBN: 0-9544777-7-6

Ghostly Scotland
By Lily Seafield © Barnes & Noble 2006
ISBN: 0-7607-8255-5

Ghosts of the Tower of London
By G. Abbott © Hendon Publishing Co. 2000
ISBN: 0-86067-123-2

Guide to Free Sites in East of England (Heritage Unlocked)
By English Heritage © English Heritage 2004
ISBN: 1-85074-876-4

Guide to the Chateaux of the Loire
By Valoire-Estel © Production Leconte 2011
ISBN: 2-84877-004-X

Haunted Bodelwyddan Ghost Guide
By C. J. Bedford © Bodelwyddan Castle Trust 1995

Haunted Britain
By Richard Jones © AA Media Limited 2010
ISBN: 0-7495-6650-0

Haunted Britain and Ireland
By Richard Jones © Barnes & Noble Books 2003
ISBN: 0-7607-2760-0

Haunted Castles & Houses of Scotland
By Martin Coventry © Goblinshead 2010
ISBN: 1-899874-47-7

Haunted Castles of Britain and Ireland
By Richard Jones © Barnes & Noble Books 2003
ISBN: 0-7607-4003-8

Haunted Castles of the World: Ghostly Legends and Phenomena from Keeps and Fortresses Around the Globe
By Charles A. Coulombe © The Lyons Press 2004
ISBN: 1-59228-534-1

Haunted Heritage
By John Mason. © Collins & Brown Ltd. 1999
ISBN: 1-85585-693-X

Haunted Places of Yorkshire
By Andy Owens © Countryside Books 2005
ISBN: 1-85306-875-1

Haunted Sussex Today
By Andrew Green © S.B. Publications 2001
ISBN: 1-85770-121-6

Haunted York
By Forster & Danks © Blue Angle Press 2007
ISBN: 0-9555662-0-2

Haunted York
By Rupert Mathews © Pitkin Unichrome Ltd. 1992
ISBN: 0-85372-586-1

Heritage Unlocked: Guide to Free Sites in the North West
By English Heritage © English Heritage 2002
ISBN: 1-85074-831-4

Historic Britain from the Air
By Nicholas Best © Barnes & Noble 1995
ISBN: 0-7607-7623-7

Historic Houses Castles & Gardens in Great Britain and Ireland
By Deborah Valentine © Reed Information Services 1995
ISBN: 0-9648056-26-6

History of Britain and Ireland
By Grant, Kay, Kerrigan, Parker © Dorling Kindersley (DK) 2011
ISBN: 978-1-4654-1770-1

Images of Britain: A Pictorial Journey Through History
By Richard Cavendish © Longmeadow Press 1990
ISBN: 0-681-41013-2

Impressions of the Seine
By Carey Moore & Julian Moore © Rizzoli International Publications 1991
ISBN: 0-8478-1372-X

Ireland (Eyewitness Travel Guides)
By Lisa Gerard-Sharp & Tim Perry © Dorling Kindersley Limited 2006
ISBN: 0-75661-544-5

Ireland - A View From Above
By Moriarty and Attini © Metro Books 2008
ISBN: 1-4351-0387-4

Ireland - History and Landscape
By Brian Solomon © Fall River Press 2009
ISBN: 1-4351-1259-9

Irish Ghost Stories
By Patrick Byrne © Mercier Press 1971
ISBN: 1-85635-285-4

Irish Sagas and Folk Tales
By Eileen O'Faolain © Poolpeg Press Ltd. 1983
ISBN: 1-84223-242-8

King Harold's Saga
By Snorri Sturluson © Penguin Books 2005
ISBN: 0-140-44183-3

King Ludwig II. of Bavaria and Neuschwanstein
By Michael Petzet © Hirmer Verlag Munchen 1996
ISBN: 3-7774-7270-0

Kings & Queens of England - A Dark History - 1066 to the Present
By Brenda Ralph Lewis &Copy; Barnes & Noble 2005
ISBN: 0-7607-7935-X

Knights: In History and Legend
By Constance Brittain Bouchard © Firefly Books
ISBN: 1-55407-755-9

Life in Medieval England
By Rupert Willoughby © Pitkin Guides 1997
ISBN: 0-85372-840-2

Ludwig II and His Dream Castles: The Fantasy World of a Storybook King
By Ludwig Merkle © Bruckmann 1995
ISBN: 3-7654-2769-1

Medieval Castle
By M. E. Reeves © Longman Group Limited 1985
ISBN: 0-582-20392-9

Medieval Mysteries
By Karen Ralls, Ph.D. © Ibis Press 2014
ISBN: 978-089254-172-0

Medieval World (Reference)
By Phillip Steele © Kingfisher Publications 2000
ISBN: 0-7534-0468-0

Medieval Wordbook : More Than 4,000 Terms and Expressions From Medieval Culture
By Madeleine Pelner Cosman © Barnes & Noble 2007
ISBN: 0-7607-8725-5

Men at Arms - Medieval Heraldry
By Terence Wise © Osprey Publishing 1980
ISBN: 0-85045-348-5

Men at Arms - The Wars of the Roses
By Terence Wise © Osprey Publishing 1983
ISBN: 0-85045-520-5

Mysteries of the Middle Ages
By Thomas Cahill © Anchor Books 2006
ISBN: 978-0-385-49556-1

Myths and Legends of Britain and Ireland
By Richard Jones © New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd. 2006
ISBN: 1-84537-594-7

Over Wales
By Vivien Brett © Pitkin Unichrome Ltd 2000
ISBN: 1-871004-74-8

Rhine-Sagas Father Rhine tells his Sagas
By Dr. Eugen Hollerbach © Rahmel-Verlag GmbH
ISBN: 3-926526-28-9

Rick Steves' Ireland 2007
By Rick Steves & Pat O'Connor © Avalon Travel Publishing 2007
ISBN: 1-56691-815-4

Rhine-Guide from Mainz to Cologne
By Wolfgang Kootz © Kunstverlag Edm. von Konig, Heidelberg 1998
ISBN: 3-921934-73-7

Richard III (Royalty)
By G. W. O. Woodward © Pitkin Guidees Ltd. 1996
ISBN: 0-85372-653-1

Royal Palaces: Windsor Castle (The Royal Collection)
By John Martin Robinson © Penguin Books Limited 1996
ISBN: 0-7181-3969-0

Schwabische Alb
By Tim Krieger © Kina Italia / Eurografica - Italy
ISBN: 88-8180-401-8

Scotland Myths & Legends
By Beryl Beare © Parragon 1997
ISBN: 0-75251-694-9

Sieges Of The Middle Ages (Pen and Sword Military Classics)
By Phillip Warner © Pen & Sword Military Classics 2004
ISBN: 1-84415-215-4

Tales And Traditions of Scottish Castles
By Nigel Tranter © Neil Wilson Publishing 2005
ISBN: 1-897784-13-9

Tales from the Celtic Countries
By Rhiannon Ifans ©: Y Lolfa Cyf. 2000
ISBN: 0-86243-501-3

The Age of Castles - Knights and Castles
By Richard Dargie © Wayland Publishers 1998
ISBN: 0-7502-2147-X

The Castles of the Rhine
By Gunter Seifert © 2010

The Chateaux of the Loire
By Armand Lanoux © Sun Paris 1980
ISBN: 2-7-191-0106-X

The Complete Illustrated History of Knights & Crusades
By Charles Phillips © Anness Publishing Ltd 2013
ISBN: 978-1-4351-4861-1

The Daily Telegraph - Castles and Ancient Monuments of England
By John Damien Noonan © Aurum Press Limited 1999
ISBN: 1-85410-621-X

The Digital Matte Painting Handbook
By David B. Mattingly © Wiley Publishing, Inc. 2011
ISBN: 0-470-92242-2

The English Civil Wars 1642 -1651
By Peter Gaunt © Osprey Publishing 2003
ISBN: 1-84176-417-7

The Ghosts - Chillingham Castle
By Leonora Tankerville © Chillingham Castle 1925

The Ghosts of Warwick Castle
By Various Authors © Jarrold Publishing 2002
ISBN: 1-84165-100-1

The Great Castles of Britain & Ireland
By Lise Hull © New Holland Publishers (UK) Ltd 2005
ISBN: 1-84330-989-3

The Great Castles of Europe (2007 publication)
By Gambaro, Calore, Ercole Pozzoli © Barnes & Noble 2007
ISBN: 1-4351-0064-6

The Greatest Knight
By Thomas Asbridge © HarperCollins Publishers 2014
ISBN: 978-0-06-226205-9

The Historical Atlas of Knights & Castles: The Rise and Fall of the Age of Chivalry
By Dr. Ian Barnes © Chartwell Books Inc. 2010
ISBN: 0-7858-2747-1

The History of Castles: Fortifications Around the World
By Christopher Gravett © The Lyons Press 2001
ISBN: 1-58574-435-2

The Illustrated Encyclopaedia of Arthurian Legends
By Ronan Coghlan © Barns & Noble Books 2002
ISBN: 1-56619-876-3

The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Castles, Palaces & Stately Houses of Britain & Ireland
By Charles Phillips © Hermes House 2008
ISBN: 1-84681-182-1

The Loire Castles
By Armel de Wismes © Artuad Freres Publication
ISBN: 978-2-914223-03-4

The Lomond Guide to Scottish Castles
By Dane Love © Lomond Books 1998
ISBN: 094-778-2729

The Medieval Chronicles
By Macdonald, Stewart and Farmer © Sandy Creek 2013
ISBN: 978-1-4351-5067-6

The Medieval Fortress: Castles, Forts and Walled Cities of the Middle Ages
By J.E. Kaufmann & H.W. Kaufmann © Combined Publishing 2001
ISBN: 1-58097-062-1

The Mosel
By Rudiger Polster © Rahmel-Verlag GmbH
IBSN: 978-3-930885-82-4

The Mosel - From Trier to Koblenz
By R. Dohrmann © Schoning & Co

The Most Amazing Places of Folklore & Legend in Britain
By The Reader's Digest Association © Vivat Direct 2011
ISBN: 978-1-78020-005-7

The Normans: The History of a Dynasty (Dynasties)
By David Crouch © Hambledon Continuum 2002
ISBN: 1-8528-5595-9

The Plantagenet Chronicles 1154 - 1485
By Derek Wilson © Metro Books 2011
ISBN: 1-4351-2718-0

The Plantagenets
By Dan Jones © Penguin Books 2012
ISBN: 978-0-14-312492-4

The Quest for King Authur
By David Day © Michael O'Mara Books Limited 1998
ISBN: 1-85479-404-3

The Rhine
By James Bentley © Salem House Publishers 1988
ISBN: 0-88162-376-8

The Rhine History and Legends of its Castles, Abbeys, Monasteries, and Towns
By W. Von Horn © 1872
ISBN: 1-4460-4335-6

The Timeline History of the Middle Ages
By Meredith Macardle © Metro Books 2012
ISBN: 978-1-4351-3833-9

The Wars of the Roses
By Alison Weir © The Random House Publishing Group 1995
ISBN: 0-345-40433-6

The Wars of the Roses - The Fall of the Plantagenets and the Rise of the Tudors
By Dan Jones © Penguin Group LLC 2014
ISBN: 978-0-670-02667-8

This Spectred Isle: A Journey Through Haunted England
By Simon Marsden © English Heritage 2005
ISBN: 1-905624-17-4

Touring Guide To Britain
By Linda Beach © The Automobile Association
ISBN: 0-86145-110-4

True Irish Ghost Stories: Haunted Houses, Banshees, Poltergeists, and Other Supernatural Phenomena (Celtic, Irish)
By John D. Seymour and Harry L. Neligan © Dover Publications Inc. 2005
ISBN: 0-486-44051-6

Understanding the Castle Ruins of England and Wales
By Lise Hull © McFarland & Company 2009
ISBN: 0-7864-3457-2

Versailles
By Gerald Van der Kemp © Crown Publishers Inc. 1978
ISBN: 0-517-33489-5

Wales: Castles and Historic Places (Regional & City Guides)
By David M. Robinson & Roger S. Thomas © Wales Tourist Board 1990
ISBN: 1-85013-030-2

Walking Haunted London
By Richard Jones © Interlink Books 2008
ISBN: 1-56656-692-6

Walking the Castles of Sussex
By David Harrison © S. B. Publications 2008
ISBN: 1-85770-335-1

Warrior Kings and Princes of Britain 1066-1422
By Robert C. Carnegie © Pilgrim Press Ltd. 1995
ISBN: 1-874670-21-8

Wars of the Roses (Pitkin Guides)
By Michael St John Parker © Pitkin Guides 2006
ISBN: 0-85372-779-1

Where to Go in Britain
By Cavendish, Summers, Westacott, Wright, Wright © The Auotmobile Association 1993
ISBN: 0-393-03459-3

Yorkshire Castles
By Bernard Ingham © Dalesman Publishing Company 2001
ISBN: 1-85568-193-5

Castle Guidebooks

A Short Guide to Raby Castle
By Raby Castle © Teesdale Mercury Ltd., 24 Market Place, Barnard Castle

Adare - A Visitors Guide
By Tom Peirce © Shannon Developement 2002
ISBN: 0-9526816-1-7

Alnwick Castle (Great Houses of Britain)
By English Life Publications © English Life Publications Ltd. 1996
ISBN: 0-85101-245-0

Alnwick Castle (Great Houses of Britain)
By Dr. Colin Shrimpton © Heritage House Group Ltd 2004
ISBN: 0-85101-334-1

Arundel Castle Guidebook
By John Martin Robinson © Arundel Castle Trustees Ltd.
ISBN: 978-1-86007-612-0

Azay-Le-Rideau Tourist Guide
By Connaissance des Arts 2007

Bamburgh Castle Tourist Guide
By The Rt. Hon. Lady Armstrong © Jarrold Publishing 1994

Barnard Castle, County Durham, Egglestone Abbey, North Yorkshire, Bowes Castle, (English Heritage Guidebooks)
By Katy Kenyon © English Heritage 1999
ISBN: 1-85074-720-2

Beaumaris Castle
By Arnold Taylor CBE, DLitt, FBA © Cadw 2004
ISBN: 1-85760-208-0

Belsay Hall, Castle and Gardens (English Heriatge Red Guides)
By Roger White © English Heritage 2005
ISBN: 1-85074-924-8

Belvoir Castle Tourist Guide
By Belvoir Castle © Beric Tempest

Berkeley Castle (Great Houses)
By V. Sackville West © English Life Publications Ltd. 1997
ISBN: 0-85101-322-8

Blarney Castle - A Souvenir Guide Book
By John Hinde © John Hinde Ltd.

Bodelwyddan Castle: A Brief History
By Evans and Sandham © Bodelwyddan Castle Trust
ISBN: 0-9524429-0-6

Bodiam Castle (Book of House)
By David Thackray © The National Trust 2003
ISBN: 1-84359-090-5

Bodiam Castle (East Sussex) (National Trust Guidebooks)
By John Goodall © The National Trust 2001
ISBN: 1-84359-074-3

Bolton Castle Tourist Guide
By Caroline Alderson © Allison and Alderson Associates

Brough Castle Tourist Guide
By John Charlton LVO,MA,FSA © English Heritage 1992
ISBN: 1-85074-265-0

Brougham & Brough Castles (Guidebook S.)
By Henry Summerson © English Heritage 2006
ISBN: 1-85074-729-6

Buckingham Palace - Official Guide
By John Martin Robinson © The Royal Collection 1996
ISBN: 1-902163-76-1

Bunratty Caste & Folk Park Guidebook
By Elizabeth Healy © Shannon Heritage Ltd. 1991
ISBN: 1-901-12347-2

Burg Eltz Tourist Guide
By Dorothy Ann Schade-Maurice © Donau Druck Regensburg GmbH 1999

Burg Frankenstein - Zwischen Mythos und Wirklichkeit
By Pascal Charles Amann © Burg Frankenstein

Burg Rheinfels - A Historical Guide to the Fortress at Rheinfels
By Eva Haupt © St. Goar Town

Burg Rheinstein Tourist Guide
By The Hecher Family © Schnell & Steiner 2009
ISBN: 978-3-7954-6475-2

Caernarfon Castle
By Arnold Taylor CBE, DLitt, FBA © Cadw 2004
ISBN: 1-85760-209-9

Caerphilly Castle (CADW Guidebooks)
By Derek Renn © CADW Welsh Historic Monuments 1997
ISBN: 1-85760-082-7

Cahir Castle Tourist Guide
By Henry A. Wheeler © Duchas The Heritage Service 1999
ISBN: 0-7076-6290-7

Carew Castle Souvenir Guide
By Pembrokeshire Coast National Park © PCNP

Carlisle Castle
By Colin Platt and Mike McCarthy © English Heritage 2007
ISBN: 1-85074-402-5

Castell Coch (CADW Guidebooks)
By David McLees MA © Cadw 1998
ISBN: 1-85760-083-5

Castle Rising Castle Tourist Guide
By Castle Rising Castle

Chambord Visitor's Guide
By Gourcuff & Forget © Centre des Monuments Nationaux 2002
ISBN: 978-2-85822-739-6

Château d'Amboise Tourist Guide
By Dominique de la Tour © Connaissance des Arts 2006

Château d'Azay-le-Rideau Tourist Guide
By Marie Latour © Centre des Monuments Nationaux 2004

Château de Chenonceau Tourist Guide
By Stephanie Pioda © Beaux Arts / TTM Editions 2011
ISBN: 978-2-84278-871-1

Château d'Usse Tourist Guide
By Pamela Hargreaves © Connaissance des Arts 2011

Chateau of Saumur Tourist Guide
By Jacqueline Mongellaz and Francoise Hau-Balignac © Ouest-France 2009
ISBN: 978-2-7373-4801-3

Chepstow Castle (CADW Guidebooks)
By Jeremey K. Knight BA, FSA © Cadw 1991
ISBN: 0-948329-71-8

Chillingham Castle Tourist Guide
By Sir Humphry Wakefield Bt. © Chillingham Castle

Clifford's Tower and the Castles of York
By Lawrence Butler © English Heritage 1997
ISBN: 1-85074-673-7

Cliffords Tower & the Castles of York
By English Heritage © English Heritage 1987
ISBN: 1-85074-140-9

Cochem Castle - Castle Guide
By Gunter Seifert © 2009

Cochem on the Mosel
By J. Crasemann © Schoning & Co.

Coity Castle, Ogmore Castle and Newcastle Guidebook
By John Kenyon & C. J. Spurgeon © CADW 2001
ISBN: 1-85760-112-2

Conisbrough Castle - A Visitor Guide
By The Ivanhoe Trust © Conisbrough Castle

Conwy Castle: (Including Conwy Town Wall) (Cadw Guidebook) (CADW Guidebooks)
By Arnold Taylor CBE, DLitt, FBA © Welsh Historic Monuments 1990
ISBN: 0-948329-47-5

Criccieth Castle, Pennarth Fawr Mediaeval Hall-house, St.Cybi's Well (CADW Guidebooks)
By Richard Avent NA, FSA © Cadw 1989
ISBN: 0-948329-41-6

Crichton Castle (Historic Scotland)
By Christopher J. Tabraham © Crown Copyright 1990
ISBN: 0-11-493378-2

Dirleton Castle
By Doreen Grove © Historic Scotland 1995
ISBN: 0-7480-1095-5

Dolwyddelan Castle - Dolbadarn Castle - Castell Y Bere
By Richard Avent NA, FSA © Cadw 2004
ISBN: 1-85760-205-6

Dover Castle Guidebook
By Jonathan Coad © English Heritage 2007
ISBN: 1-905624-21-8

Dunguaire Castle
By James P. Hynes © 1986
ISBN: 0-9508227-2-8

Dunstanburgh Castle Northumberland
By Henry Summerson MA, PhD, PSA © English Heritage 1995
ISBN: 1-85074-350-9

Edinburgh Castle Tourist Guide
By Chris Tabraham © Historic Scotland 1996
ISBN: 0-7480-0856-X

Edinburgh Castle Tourist Guide
By David Hayes © Landmark Press

Edlingham Castle Tourist Guide
By John Smith © The Hub Works, Alnwick 1993

Flint Castle - Ewloe Castle (CADW Guidebooks)
By Derek Renn and Richard Avent © Cadw 2001
ISBN: 1-85760-182-3

Framlingham Castle
By Moraig Brown MA © English Heritage 2003
ISBN: 1-85074-853-5

Goodrich Castle Colour Handbook
By Derek Renn PhD, FSA © English Heritage 1993
ISBN: 1-85074-368-1

Grimsthorpe Castle
By Knox, Williams © The Grimsthorpe and Drummond Castle Trust 2003
ISBN: 0-9527945-0-0

Guardian of the Trent: Story of Newark Castle
By Pamela Marshall and John Samuels © Newark Castle Trust 1997
ISBN: 0-900943-95-5

Harlech Castle (CADW Guidebooks)
By Arnold Taylor CBE, DLitt, FBA © Cadw 2002
ISBN: 1-85760-109-2

Hastings Castle - Brief History and Ground Plan
By Alison Neil © Hastings Borough Council 2004

Heidelberg Castle Guide
By Wolfgnag Wiese © Administration of State Palaces and Gardens 2002
ISBN: 3-89904-012-0

Helmsley Castle (Handbooks for Teachers)
By Jane Emanuel Hassid © English Heritage 1999
ISBN: 1-85074-323-1

Helmsley Castle Tourist Guide
By Glyn Coppack © English Heritage 1990
ISBN: 1-85074-291-X

Herrenchiemsee Tourist Guide
By Detta Petzet © Herpich & Sohn 1990

Hever Castle - Where History Comes to Life
By Hever Castle © 2000

Hohenschwangau Palace Tourist Guide
By Gisela Haasen © Hirmer Verlag GmbH Munich 1999

Hohenzollern Castle Tourist Guide
By Herbert Gers © The Administration of Hohenzollern Castle 1997

Kenilworth Castle
By Derek Renn © English Heritage 2000
ISBN: 1-85074-357-6

King Johns Castle Tourist Guide
By Kenneth Wiggins © Tom Sheedy & Associates
ISBN: 0-9547138-0-X

Leeds Castle (Great Houses of Britain)
By Nick McCann © Leeds Castle Enterprises Ltd. 2002
ISBN: 0-85101-374-0

Lewes Castle & Barbican House Museum Guide Book
By Alison Parsons & John Bleach © Sussex Archaeological Society 2014
ISBN: 978-0-904973-25-9

Lincoln Castle Tourist Guide
By Mike Darwen © Beric Tempest, Great Britain

Lindisfarne Castle - An Illustrated Souvenir
By Colin Amery © The National Trust 1992

Marksburg Tourist Guide
By Magnus Backes © Deutscher Kunstverlag Munchen Berlin 1997

Middleham Castle
By John Weaver MA, PSA © English Heritage 1993
ISBN: 1-85074-409-2

Neuschwanstein and Hohenschwangau Guide Book
By Verlag Kienberger

King Ludwig II. of Bavaria and Neuschwanstein
By Michael Petzet © Hirmer Verlag Munchen 1996
ISBN: 3-7774-7270-0

Nottingham's Royal Castle (Get to Know Nottingham)
By Andrew Hamilton © Nottingham Civic Society 1999
ISBN: 0-9504861-5-9

Oakham Castle: A Guide and History
By T.H. McK. Clough © Rutland County Council 1999
ISBN: 0-9536627-0-5

Old Wardour Castle Guidebook
By Mark Girouard © English Heritage 2012
ISBN: 978-1-84802-105-1

Orford Castle
By John Rhodes © English Heritage 2005
ISBN: 1-85074-854-3

Pevensey Castle Tourist Guide
By John Goodall, PhD © English Heritage 1999
ISBN: 1-85074-722-2

Pfalzgrafenstein Castle Tourist Guide
By Magnus Backes © Administration of the Castles of the State of Rhineland-Palatinate 1980

Pickering Castle (English Heritage Guidebooks)
By Lawrence Butler © English Heritage 1993
ISBN: 1-85074-434-3

Preston Tower Tourist Pamphlet
By Preston Tower

Prudhoe Castle (English Heritage Guidebooks)
By Susie West © English heritage 2006
ISBN: 1-85074-976-0

Raby Castle (Great Houses of Britain)
By Nick McCann © Heritage House Group Ltd. 2001
ISBN: 0-85101-357-0

Raglan Castle Tourist Guide
By John R. Kenyon © Cadw: Welsh Historic Monuments 1994
ISBN: 0-948329-98-X

Rhuddlan Castle
By Arnold Taylor CBE, Dlitt, FBA © Cadw 2004
ISBN: 1-85760-199-8

Richmond Castle Easby Abbey
By John Weaver MA, FSA © English Heritage 1989
ISBN: 1-85074-234-0

Richmond Castle, Easby Abbey Colour Handbook (English Heritage Guidebooks)
By John Goodall, PhD © English Heritage 2001
ISBN: 1-85074-793-8

Ripley Castle Illustrated Guide Book
By Sir Thomas Ingilby, Bt. © Ripley Castle

Rochester Castle Guidebook
By Jeremey Ashbee © English Heritage 2012
ISBN: 978-1-84802-092-4

Rockingham Castle - 1000 Years of History
By Basil Morgan & Peter Brears © Heritage House Group Ltd. 2005
ISBN: 0-85101-392-9

Scarborough Castle (English Heritage Guidebooks)
By John A Goodall, PhD © English Heritage 2003
ISBN: 1-85074-786-5

Schloss Linderhof Tourist Guide
By Michael Petzet © Hirmer Verlag Munchen 1996
ISBN: 3-7774-7250-6

Schloss Lindehof Tourist Guide
By Gerhard Hojer and Elmar D. Schmid © Bayerische Verwaltung der staatlichen Schlosser 1994

Scotney Castle Tourist Guide
By Sebastian Gilles © The National Trust 2012
ISBN: 978-1-84359-8

Skipton Castle Tourist Guide
By Skipton Castle © Jarrold Publishing 1999
ISBN: 0-7117-1081-3

Smailholm Tower
By Chris Tabraham © Historic Scotland 1993
ISBN: 0-7480-0658-3

Sooneck Castle Tourist Guide
By Ursula Rathke © Landesamt fur Denkmalpflege,
Burgen, Schlosser, Altertumer Rheinland-Pfalz 1999

Stirling Castle
By Richard Fawcett © Historic Scotland 1995
ISBN: 1-900168-07-3

Stozlenfels Castle Tourist Guide
By Werner Bornheim gen. Schilling © Landesamt fur Denkmalpflege,
Burgen, Schlosser, Altertumer Rheinland-Pfalz 2008

Sudeley Castle & Gardens Tourist Guide
By Nicholas Hurt © Sudeley Castle 1994

Sully-sur-Loire Visitors Guide
By JL Derenne © Conseil General Du Loiret

Tantallon castle
By Chris Tabraham and Doreen Grove © Historic Scotland 1994
ISBN: 0-7480-0855-1

The Castle of Lichtenstein Pamphlet
By Schloss Lichtenstein

The Domaine de Chaumont-sur-Loire
By Connaissance des Arts 2008

The Essential Cardiff Castle
By Matthew Williams © Scala Arts & Heritage Publishers Ltd. 2014
ISBN: 978-1-85759-551-2

The Three Castles, Grosmont Castle - Skenfrith Castle - White Castle: Hen Gwrt Moated Site (CADW Guidebooks)
By Jeremy K. Knight BA, FSA © Cadw 2000
ISBN: 1-85760-171-8

The Tower of London Official Tourist Guide
By Simon Thurley, Edward Impey and Peter Hammond © Crown Copyright 1996

The Tower of London Tourist Guide
By Peter Hammond © Crown Copyright 1995

Trim Castle Tourist Guide
By Kevin O'Brien and Jane Fenton © Duchas The Heritage Service 2002
ISBN: 07-557-128-2X

Tour Guide of Burg Reichenstein
By Burg Reichenstein

Tynemouth Priory and Castle Guidebook
By Grace McCombie © English Heritage 2008
ISBN: 1-905624-25-6

Tynemouth Priory & Castle
By Andrew Saunders MA, FSA, FRHistS © English Heritage 1993
ISBN: 1-85074-410-6

Villandry Castle and Gardens
By Caroline Piat © Editions Valoire-Estel Blois 2011
ISBN: 2-909575-88-8

Warkworth Castle and Hermitage Guidebook
By John Goodall © English Heritage 2006
ISBN: 1-85074-923-X

Warkworth Castle Tourist Guide
By Henry Summerson © English Heritage 1995
ISBN: 1-85074-498-X

Warwick Castle Tourist Guide
By Warwick Castle Ltd. © Three's Company Ltd. 2000

Windsor Castle: Official Guide 1997
By John Martin Robinson © The Royal Collection 1997
ISBN: 1-902163-001

Multimedia

Great Castles of Europe - Video Series (Video)
The Discovery Channel © Discovery Communications Inc. 1994
ISBN: 1-56331-110-0

Online Sources

Pastscape - English Heritage
National Monuments Record and National Historic Environment Database of over 400,000 records
http://www.pastscape.org.uk/

JavaScript, Java Code and Perl

Battle at Sea Game
Special thanks to Jason Hotchkiss who authored JavaScript code for the Battle at Sea game.

Contact Form (Email)
Special thanks to Mike Miller who authored Perl code and contact form, which enables visitors to send email without the site email address being exploitable by spam programs.

Copyright Update Script
Special thanks to Jim Stiles who authored JavaScript code to automatically update the copyright information each year.